Cataracts are a prevalent eye ailment affecting millions of individuals worldwide, particularly those over the age of 60. A cataract is a clouding of the natural lens of the eye, which is located behind the iris and pupil. The lens focuses light entering the eye onto the retina, which provides visual information to the brain. As a cataract develops, the lens becomes clouded, resulting in impaired or distorted vision. Below we will discuss common symptoms experienced by those who have cataracts
Vision Blurred or Cloudy
One of the most frequent cataract symptoms is impaired or blurred vision. This may be caused by lens clouding, which scatters light entering the eye and makes it harder to see properly. Objects may seem blurry or foggy, and colors may appear less bright than they used to. Reading and driving might also become more difficult when your eyes strain to concentrate on tiny print or distant objects.
Light sensitivity is another typical sign of cataracts. This is caused by lens clouding, which makes it more difficult for your eyes to adapt to changes in light. You could find that you’re more sensitive to bright lights, such as sunshine or nighttime headlights. In order to see clearly, you may need to squint or cover your eyes from bright lights.
Glare or Halos
In addition to light sensitivity, cataracts may generate halos or glare around lights. This is due to the way the clouded lens refracts light, resulting in a halo appearance around light sources. When you stare at streetlights, automobile headlights, or other bright lights, you may observe this effect. This can make it difficult to drive at night or in low-light conditions, as the halos or glare can obscure your vision and make it harder to see the road ahead.
Night Vision Problems
Cataracts may also make night vision problematic. This may be caused by lens clouding, which reduces the quantity of light entering the eye. You may find that you have difficulty seeing in low-light situations, such as driving at night or in a softly lit environment. This may make navigating your surroundings more challenging and raise your risk of accidents or falls.
Color Distinguishing Difficulties
Cataracts may also make it difficult to differentiate between colors. This may be caused by lens clouding, which can affect how light is processed by the eye. Colors may look washed out or faded, and it may be more difficult to discern between shades of similar hues. This can make it more difficult to perform tasks that require color recognition, such as cooking or choosing clothing.
Frequent Changes in Prescription
If you have cataracts, you may also experience frequent changes in your prescription for glasses or contact lenses. This is because the clouding of the lens can cause changes in the way that light is refracted by the eye. As a result, your prescription may need to be adjusted more frequently in order to keep up with the changes in your vision.
Dr. Cohen has spent 20 years of his career helping patients who suffer from cataracts. During an exam at Cohen eye institute your cataract will be carefully examined along with a detailed discussion regarding your lifestyle. Together we will come up with the best solution for you if your cataracts are affecting your vision. It is important to have a yearly eye check if you are suffering from any of the symptoms above.