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Understanding the Causes, Symptoms,
& Treatment Options

Glaucoma is a serious eye disease that can lead to permanent blindness. It happens when the pressure inside your eye gets too high and damages your optic nerve. It is important to get your eyes checked regularly to be screened for glaucoma as it can often start without symptoms. The doctors at Cohen Eye Institute are well equipped to detect, manage and treat glaucoma should it be needed for your eyes.

Glaucoma damages your optic nerve

What Causes Glaucoma?

The main cause of glaucoma is high pressure inside your eye, which is also called intraocular pressure. Your eye produces a clear fluid called aqueous humor, which fills the front part of your eye and provides nourishment to your cornea and lens. This fluid also maintains the pressure inside your eye. When this fluid doesn’t drain properly, or when too much of it is produced, the pressure inside your eye increases, causing damage to your optic nerve.

There are two main types of glaucoma: open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and angle-closure glaucoma (ACG). OAG is the most common type, and it happens when the drainage canals in your eye become clogged over time, leading to an increase in intraocular pressure. ACG, on the other hand, happens when the iris, which is the colored part of your eye, is too close to the drainage canals, blocking the flow of aqueous humor and causing a sudden increase in intraocular pressure.

In addition to high intraocular pressure, other risk factors for glaucoma include age, family history, ethnicity, certain medication use such as corticosteroids, and certain medical conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure.

Is Glaucoma Very Serious?

Yes, glaucoma is a severe condition that can lead to permanent blindness if left untreated. It’s the second leading cause of blindness worldwide, after cataracts. However, with early detection and treatment, the progression of the disease can be slowed or stopped, and further vision loss can be prevented.

It’s important to note that not all types of glaucoma are the same, and the severity of the disease can vary depending on the individual case.

Glaucoma reduces your vision

Can Glaucoma be Fixed?

Glaucoma in your eyes

Unfortunately, there’s no cure for glaucoma, and any vision loss that happens due to glaucoma is irreversible. However, early detection and treatment can help slow or stop the progression of the disease and prevent further vision loss.

Glaucoma in your eyes

Treatment options for glaucoma include medication, laser therapy, and surgery. Eye drops are the most common form of medication used to treat glaucoma. They work by either reducing the production of aqueous humor or increasing its drainage. Laser therapy, such as selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT), is a non-invasive treatment option that can help reduce intraocular pressure by improving the drainage of aqueous humor. Dr. Cohen has performed thousands of successful SLT and glaucoma surgeries procedures to aid patients with glaucoma.

What are the Early Signs of Glaucoma?

In the early stages, glaucoma often has no symptoms, and you may not notice any changes in your vision. That’s why it’s essential to get regular eye exams, especially if you have risk factors for glaucoma. The doctors at Cohen Eye Institute regularly treat patients for glaucoma and are very comfortable in it’s management.

As glaucoma progresses to advanced stages, there are some signs and symptoms to look out for, including:

Blurred vision

Loss of peripheral vision (also known as tunnel vision)

Halos around lights

Eye pain or redness

Nausea or vomiting

If you experience any of these symptoms, it’s important to see an eye doctor as soon as possible for a comprehensive eye exam. Early detection and treatment can help prevent further vision loss. Schedule your appointment today if you or someone you love needs a glaucoma exam.

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What other Doctors say about Dr. Cohen

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When looking for a doctor to do my LASIK surgery, I was searching for someone with deep subject matter expertise, who is precise with a high degree of attention to detail, and who enjoyed and was enthusiastic about what they did.

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I met Dr. Cohen through the recommendation of one of my ophthalmology friends when I was looking to get LASIK surgery. I am 20/15 in both eyes and have never had a problem. Thank you Dr. Cohen!

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I chose Dr. Cohen for my cataract surgery with a multifocal lens implant because over the last 20 years of knowing him and referring many of my patients to him, he never made a mistake. I couldn’t be happier with my vision.

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Dr. Ilan Cohen is one of the finest surgeons I could possibly imagine. He has done multiple surgeries, he’s handled incredibly complicated cases. He is one of the finest doctors and I am more than happy to recommend him.

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When it comes to mine or my family’s eyes, Dr. Cohen is my number one choice. Why? Because I have seen his results, and they are far superior than most surgeons in the area. If you want the best results, it’s Dr. Cohen that you have to go to.

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Dr. Cohen is one of the finest surgeons I know. I have seen plenty of his LASIK post op results which have been excellent. I would not hesitate to send any of my family members to him. 

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I have known Dr. Cohen for over 10 years through his reputation and personal interaction. He is one of the best surgeons that I know. When working on a complicated case, I will call Dr. Cohen because his opinion is very important to me.

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I have co-managed hundreds of patients with Dr. Cohen who have had all kinds of refractive surgery. Each procedure is tailored to the patient's particular eye. 

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I have been the director of an ophthalmology surgical center for the last 30 years. I personally know over 100 eye surgeons. If a member of my family needed eye surgery, Dr. Cohen would be the one to perform it.

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I've been an optometrist for 19 years, and I've worked with a number of different surgeons. I think Dr. Ilan Cohen has some of the best hands that I've ever seen.

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When I think of doctor Ilan Cohen, I think of the best. Dr. Cohen and I have been involved in some of the most exciting research projects. Dr. Cohen, in my opinion is one of the best surgeons on this plant.

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